What is Allergic Rhinitis?
Also known as , is an allergic reaction to certain allergens in the environment, like or dust. It is characterized by nasal irritation and inflammation.
There are two types of allergic rhinitis: seasonal and perennial.
Seasonal allergic rhinitis occurs at certain times of the year when allergens like pollen and spore counts are high in the environment. An is a substance that is usually harmless but triggers an allergic reaction in some people.
Perennial allergic rhinitis is experienced all year round and could be triggered by allergens in and around your home. These include animal dander (tiny flakes of dead skin), , and mold.2
When a person with allergic rhinitis inhales these allergens, their body’s “overreacts” and identifies these as harmful. As part of its defense mechanism, the immune system releases a chemical known as which is responsible for typical symptoms of allergic rhinitis, like:
- Runny nose, sneezing, and congestion
- Itchy throat, nose, and eyes
- Wheezing, coughing, and trouble breathing
- Headaches and sinus pain
Common triggers of an allergic rhinitis reaction include:
- Pollen from trees, grass, and weeds
- Mold spores
- Dust mites that live in bedding, carpets and other areas of your home