Common food allergies in kids
Below are some of the most common food allergies kids in the Philippines experience:
Shellfish (crustaceans and mollusks) is considered the most common food allergy in older kids and adults in Asia.2 Shellfish include crab, shrimp, lobster, mussels, clams, oyster, octopus, and scallops.3
Allergic reactions can cause modest symptoms, like or stuffy nose or they might trigger severe and life-threatening symptoms4. If you have a mild reaction, over-the-counter antihistamines may help, but for severe reactions or , seek emergency help right away.2
In an egg allergy, the reacts to proteins found in the whites, and less commonly, the yolk of the egg5. Symptoms include rashes, hives, stuffy nose, vomiting, difficulty breathing and digestive issues.5 It rarely causes anaphylaxis.5
Milk allergies are most common in babies and young children.6 A milk allergy occurs when the immune system identifies cow’s milk proteins as harmful foreign bodies.6 The reaction happens within minutes to up to two hours after drinking milk or anything with milk proteins.6Symptoms include trouble breathing, nausea, hives, itchy and teary eyes, among others; decrease in blood pressure is the most important thing to watch out for in a milk allergy6.
Peanut allergy is one of the most common causes of severe allergic reactions, even when consumed only in tiny amounts.7 To cause reactions, your child doesn’t even need to eat it. Exposure can be through direct contact (ex. skin contact), cross contact (unintentional introduction of peanuts in a product) and inhalation (through dust or aerosols containing peanuts).7 As peanut allergy is the most common cause of food-induced anaphylaxis, treatment usually involves epinephrine and a trip to the emergency room7.
As these are made from plants, spices could potentially be allergens8. Anaphylaxis is rare though there have been documented cases of it8. A sesame seed allergy is also common but may be set off with just a small amount.9
Managing food allergies10
Read food labels carefully and watch out for ingredients that could be allergens.Have separate sets of utensils for cooking and eating if not everybody in your household follows an -free diet.
Bring a “chef card” or a card that lists allergies when dining out, so the manager and chef know about yours and your child’s allergies. If they are eating without you (as in school), make sure they take it with them and show the person in charge, like the teacher.
Come up with a game plan to follow if your child has accidentally ingested an allergen.
Always bring anti-allergy medication such as Loratadine (Claritin®).
The most common foods that cause food allergy include milk, shellfish, peanuts, and eggs1. Symptoms range from only bringing discomfort to life-threatening1. It is prudent to bring medication in the event of allergy attacks, such as antihistamines like Loratadine (Claritin®).If symptoms persist, consult your doctor.
Some people allergic to or the proteins in pet urine or saliva might experience allergic too, where symptoms present on the skin.
ASC Ref. No. B0073P040323C